A patent is the exclusive set of rights granted by a state for a fixed period. The person, or individuals applying, will of course have to provide disclosure of an invention. The invention must be new, inventive, and fall under the guidelines of being industrially applicable and useful. This can be determined by an patent attorney. In short, it has to be something not known or anticipated by those experienced in your field of invention.
The rights granted will prevent anyone else from making, using, selling, or offering to sell or import the unique invention. To obtain patent protection under U.S. law, and applicant will need to submit their application to the USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office). The request is then examined by an examiner, who determines if the invention is worthy of being granted a patent.
Only the inventor can apply for a patent under U.S. patent law, anyone found to be falsely stating that he or she is the inventor in an application, is subject to being criminally prosecuted. The determination process is in-depth, and is carefully handled by a qualified patent attorney or a patent agency, such as InventHelp.
There are three types of patents: Utility, Design, and Plant. The utility patent protects processes, and is subdivided into mechanical, electrical, and chemical categories. Design patents protect plans, and plant patents protect new plant varieties. Getting the patent can be lengthy and expensive, and can take several years.
It is very wise to execute the process of obtaining a patent through those that understand patent law. Many experienced inventors are able to write their own patent applications. The applications will fall into one of two categories, provisional or permanent.
However, no matter how well you are able to write the application, it should be reviewed and edited by an attorney. Patent law is a comprehensive body of legal documentation and thought, and it is easy to get lost in such a vast body of knowledge without proper guidance.
If you are on a tight budget though, it would be best to file the application yourself rather than do nothing. Remember, familiarize yourself as best you can with patent law—your success or failure in being granted a patent will depend upon it. You can find much more useful info like this on https://blogs.ubc.ca/randomthoughts/2018/01/04/how-to-turn-your-ideas-into-an-invention/ too.